25th Feby 1871
At Grafton the Southern Cross never sets a portion of the constellation always remaining above the horizon. In January the Cross passes the Meridian below the pole about 3pm and as soon as it is dusk may be seen just above the horizon to 332??. At the present time as soon as it is dark it may be seen to 332?? a little above the Horizon and about 9pm in the same direction but about 30 degrees
high and in the position indicated here with two bright stars under it and as it were pointing to it.
It may also be found by a black place, like a hole in the Milky Way the Cross is just above it: at two o’clock in the morning you will find it due south but in this position and high up. the explanation of these changes is simply that it goes round the pole with the two stars a and b pointing to the south pole of the heavens and three stars are for this reason called the Pointers.
H C Russell